Everything You Need to Know on How to Play Guitar

There’s something about the guitar that captures people’s imaginations and hearts. Perhaps it’s the deep, soulful sound that a good guitarist can create. Or maybe it’s how playing chords allows you to express yourself in a unique and personal way.

Regardless of what it is, knowledge of how to play guitar can be life-changing. And if you want to learn guitar, this article got you covered! 

This article will show you everything you need to learn how to play the guitar as a beginner. So keep reading for a beginner guitar lesson!

Essential Parts of an Acoustic Guitar

As beginner guitar players, you need to learn the different parts of the guitar. Here’s a quick rundown:


Unlike an electric guitar, acoustic guitars create sound using strings. The thinnest string down to the thickest string are vital in completing a song. 

Each type of string produces a different sound. You can try various materials, like nylon, steel, or gut, to find the best sound for your playing style. 

There are also strings on the tuning pegs at the headstock. You can use these pegs to adjust the pitch of the strings and tune the guitar.


The fretboard is one of the most vital parts of the instrument. After all, it’s where your fingers interact with the strings for playing songs. 

It’s usually made from wood, but some guitars have composite or metal fretboards. The fretboard has metal strips that divide it into sections. Each section produces a different note when played. 

The fretboard is also smooth and even, so your fingers can glide effortlessly along the strings.


The soundhole is the opening that sits towards the edge of the body. It acts as a source of vibration. This musical instrument couldn’t produce its bright, rich tone without a soundhole.

That’s why it’s crucial to have a good soundhole if you want to play the guitar well.

Guitar Basics, Techniques, and Forms

To start playing the guitar, you need to understand the importance of proper techniques and forms. And if you want to be a better musician, you need to wield these techniques.

Holding Your Guitar Correctly

At the most basic level, having good guitar techniques means having good posture. You need to make sure that your body is comfortable and relaxed, whether sitting or standing. 

Here are a few key steps to follow to hold your guitar correctly and make playing a breeze:

  1. Position yourself so that the front of your guitar is just below the crease in your hip.
  2. Once you find the proper positioning, get comfortable holding the guitar.
  3. Place one hand on top of the neck of the instrument and slide the other hand underneath.
  4. Next, hold each string with a finger from each hand to support the guitar’s neck. Index or middle fingers work best for this purpose.
  5. When you play songs, synchronize your left hand with your right.
  6. Stay relaxed throughout; tensing up will only make things harder for you.

With this method, you’ll be well on your way to acing your online guitar lessons!

Proper Way of Strumming Chords

There’s no single right way to strum a chord. But some techniques will help you get the most out of your guitar learning. 

For starters, make sure you’re using the right-hand position. Place your thumb behind the neck and position your four fingers behind the strings. Once you’re ready to strum, use an up-and-down motion with your wrist, and let your thumb do the work. 

Be sure to keep your fingers close to the strings so that they can mute any unwanted noise.

With some practice, you’ll develop smooth and consistent strumming patterns.

Right Finger Position

Figuring the correct finger positioning for the first time can be tricky. But once you get the hang of it, it’ll be easy! 

Here’s what you need to know about the right way to position your fingers:

  • The index finger is on the string’s first fret.
  • The middle finger is on the second fret.
  • The ring finger is on the third fret.
  • The pinky finger is on the fourth fret.

It’s essential to keep your fingers close to the frets to produce a clear sound. You also want to ensure you’re not muting any of the strings with your fingers. 

Practice the proper positioning of your fingers, and soon you’ll be playing the guitar like a pro!

Basic Guitar Chords

Here are the basic chords you need when learning guitar:

Barre Chords

They allow you to play a particular chord in any key. You can also use it to create interesting chord progressions. 

The best way to learn a barre chord is to start with the basic chord shapes:

  • E Minor Chord: Put your second finger on the second fret of the fifth string. Likewise, place your third finger on the second fret of the fourth string.
  • D Chord: Position your first finger on the second fret of the third string. Then, position your third finger on the third fret of the second string.

Once you have a few shapes down, you can play almost any chord you want in the chord charts.

Minor Chords

Minor chords are the building blocks of music. They offer a contrast to the bright, upbeat notes played on a major chord. They also add richness and depth to any song, helping create emotional or mellow moods.

Major Chords

Major chords have a bright, cheerful sound and are often used in upbeat songs. They are also easy to play, making them suitable for beginner guitarists.