How Do You Diagnose Amplifier Problems?

Like any electronic device, amplifiers go through their fair share of malfunctions. According to Guitars Report, while these problems can be complicated at times, they are mostly trivial and require simple troubleshooting.

But how do you identify if an amp issue is, indeed, complex or trivial? Knowing what the problem is might not necessarily result in a fix, but it does allow one to work around the circumstance for the time being. That means you can go through a show without the issue significantly impacting your performance.

Today, we’ll take you through a step-by-step guide of guitar amp diagnosis and why understanding amp problems leads to more efficient solutions.

Why It’s Important To Know What the Problem Is

Our lack of knowledge on amp issues sometimes leads to trial-and-error solutions. Admittedly, these aren’t the best fixes since they often waste our time more than they don’t. What you want to do is narrow potential issues down, starting with the simple.

Going over potential trivial malfunctions plaguing amplifiers lets you cover more ground with a lower risk of messing up a connection. As a result, you put your amplifier through less wear and tear, prevent ill-timed component replacements, and save considerable time and effort.

What Are Trivial Problems?

Trivial issues are those that you can address quickly without any invasive modifications. They are easily overlooked and often come under the guise of disastrous malfunctions. They tend to make people feel stupid for not seeing what was under their nose the entire time.

Here are some of the most common ones you could encounter with your amp:

  • Amp Not Turning On: You forgot to plug it in, or your chosen outlet was switched off
  • No Sound: Broken quarter-inch cable, tube needed replacement, or disconnected speaker
  • Distorted Sound: Bent switching jack
  • Noisy Amp: Plugged into a noisy outlet

You could find yourself in these scenarios more often than you would like. There isn’t much fulfillment in their diagnosis, and their trivial nature ensures they can be addressed right away. A feeling of foolishness usually follows the realization of how simple these problems are to begin with.

That said, trivial problems don’t often get the attention they deserve. They’re sources of amp problems more than anything.

People usually conclude transformers or some other complicated part or situation as the culprit for amp troubles. Reality says differently, with bent or unplugged jacks and flipped-off switches holding more responsibility than any troublesome transformer.

You could be tinkering away at an amp’s mechanical action, not knowing that simply plugging it in would solve all your problems. That could be hours spent on a restoration that would have taken mere seconds or minutes.

Hence, the lesson here is: observation is a crucial step for preventing damaging actions, such as clipping wires or components or getting rid of parts that still have a lot of life in them.

How Do You Diagnose and Troubleshoot a Guitar Amp?

Unless you have a dated guitar amp, you won’t typically need to put it through any challenging fixes. Once diagnosed, a problem can usually be worked around on, even if it’s unfixed. You just need to troubleshoot the device in this specific order:

Step #1: Switch Out the Cords

Doing so confirms whether or not the problem lies with the amp’s lines. If the amplifier is a head type, you may try switching speaker cabinets. 

Step #2: Inspect the Tubes

Tubes have to be lit up and warm inside the tube. If they aren’t, that could mean they’re either cracked or filled-up, which means replacements are in order.

Step #3: Use Other Channels

If other channels work fine, you may use them until the busted ones get repaired. If not, move on to step number four.

Step #4: Circumvent Preamplifiers

Find a way around preamps by plugging the guitar directly in the jack or into a power amplifier. You can find either near the back of the unit.

If nothing seems to be wrong with the amp after doing this, the problem could lie with either the jacks bridging the amp and preamp or the preamplifiers themselves.

Step #5: Test the Preamp and Amp Jacks

Plug the guitar into a channel and then plug dummy plugs into the jacks. Make sure to check the preamp-out, auxiliary-in, effects loop, and power amp-in jacks. 

Step #6: Identify the Jack Causing the Issue

If any of the dummy-plugged jacks restore sound, that means the problem lies with it. That also means you need to replace the said jack.

On the other hand, if none of these cause the sound to come back, a qualified professional might need to inspect your amp.

Amp Problems Are Rarely Problems With the Actual Amp

A lot of the time, amp problems aren’t actually problems. They could be the result of you either forgetting to flip a switch to on position, plug a wire, or stick a line where it’s supposed to go. That’s why diagnosis is vital in the troubleshooting process, as it saves you considerable time and effort in your device’s restoration.